Stamped with the artist's signature lower right beneath the image.
An image from the second of Baldus's railway albums, Chemins de Fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée, commissioned by the Administrative Council of the Southern Region in 1861. The finished album incorporated both photographs made by Baldus during the 1850s and new photographs created specifically for the project. Baldus's album photographs traverse both time and space, examining not only the railway and its modern feats of engineering but also the landscape and culture of the region it went through. The central section of the album focuses on the antique monuments of Provence. The sequence includes this depiction of the Roman theatre at Orange. Malcolm Daniel writes: In the album's photographs and in related images of engineering projects elsewhere in France, Baldus celebrated a powerful vehicle of political, economic, and cultural unification and used the railroad to define French nationhood geographically and historically. (Malcolm Daniel, The Photographs of Edouard Baldus, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1994, p. 78). Another print of this image is in the collection of the Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal.