Stanley Spencer 1891-1959

 
Sir Stanley Spencer was one of the greatest British figurative painters of the Twentieth Century. He was a painter of imaginative and religious subjects, of landscapes and occasional portraits. Much of his work depicts Biblical scenes, from miracles to crucifixion, happening not in the Holy Land but in the small Thames-side village where he was born and spent most of his life. Extremely personal works also respond to his private life.


1891
Born 30 June, in 'Fernlea', High Street, Cookham.

1907
Studied art, Maidenhead Technical Institute

1908-12
Student at the Slade School of Art

1912
Exhibited in Roger Fry's 'Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition'.

1915-18
Enlisted RAMC, 1915. Stationed Beaufort War Hospital, Bristol. Posted to Macedonia, 1916. Volunteered for infantry, 1917.

1919
Official war picture, 'Travoys with wounded soldiers' (IWM).

1920
'The Last Supper' (Stanley Spencer Gallery).

1925
Married the artist Hilda Carline; two daughters, Shirin & Unity.

1927
First one-man exhibition, Goupil Gallery. Created a stir with 'The Resurrection, Cookham', 1924-6 (Tate).

1927-32
Mural decorations based on wartime experiences in Bristol & Macedonia, Sandham Memorial Chapel, Burghclere (National Trust).

1932-8
Lived in Cookham. 1932 elected Associate of the Royal Academy.

1935
Resigned from RA after rejection of two paintings by hanging committee.

1937
Divorced by Hilda. Married Patricia Preece four days later, but separated almost immediately.

1940
Commissioned to record the war effort by War Artists Advisory Committee: finished 'Shipbuilding on the Clyde' series, 1946.

1945-50
Port Glasgow Resurrection series.

1945-59
Lived at Cliveden View, Cookham Rise.

1950
CBE; rejoined Royal Academy & elected RA.

1955
Retrospective exhibition, Tate Gallery.

1959
Returned to 'Fernlea'. Knighted. Died 14 December.

© 2020 James Hyman Gallery, PO Box 72888,
LONDON N2 2FH

Tel: +44 (0) 7766 331697

Privacy Policy

  • James Hyman Fine Art Ltd. Company number 3866544
  • James Hyman Photography Ltd. Company number 9327337
  • VAT registration no. 202526354
  • all works are offered subject to availability and price revision