Sir Stanley Spencer was one of the greatest British figurative painters of the Twentieth Century. He was a painter of imaginative and religious subjects, of landscapes and occasional portraits. Much of his work depicts Biblical scenes, from miracles to crucifixion, happening not in the Holy Land but in the small Thames-side village where he was born and spent most of his life. Extremely personal works also respond to his private life.
Born 30 June, in 'Fernlea', High Street, Cookham.
Studied art, Maidenhead Technical Institute
Student at the Slade School of Art
Exhibited in Roger Fry's 'Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition'.
Enlisted RAMC, 1915. Stationed Beaufort War Hospital, Bristol. Posted to Macedonia, 1916. Volunteered for infantry, 1917.
Official war picture, 'Travoys with wounded soldiers' (IWM).
'The Last Supper' (Stanley Spencer Gallery).
Married the artist Hilda Carline; two daughters, Shirin & Unity.
First one-man exhibition, Goupil Gallery. Created a stir with 'The Resurrection, Cookham', 1924-6 (Tate).
Mural decorations based on wartime experiences in Bristol & Macedonia, Sandham Memorial Chapel, Burghclere (National Trust).
Lived in Cookham. 1932 elected Associate of the Royal Academy.
Resigned from RA after rejection of two paintings by hanging committee.
Divorced by Hilda. Married Patricia Preece four days later, but separated almost immediately.
Commissioned to record the war effort by War Artists Advisory Committee: finished 'Shipbuilding on the Clyde' series, 1946.
Port Glasgow Resurrection series.
Lived at Cliveden View, Cookham Rise.
CBE; rejoined Royal Academy & elected RA.
Retrospective exhibition, Tate Gallery.
Returned to 'Fernlea'. Knighted. Died 14 December.