Dora Maar 1907-1977


Dora Maar whose real name was Theodora Markovi was born in France in 1907, but spent her childhood in Argentina, where her father worked as a architect. In 1925, Maar immigrated to Paris and became intimately connected with the circle of surrealist artists including Man Ray, who she modeled for and later he became her mentor. Early in Maar's photography career she worked as a commercial photographer and shared a studio with Brassai. As her unique vision developed she became a prominent member of the surrealist community and produced a remarkable body of work that included nudes, portraits, landscape, fashion, photo collage, and street photographs of Paris and Barcelona. Although Maar has created a substantial and innovative body of photographic work, she is often remembered for her relationship with Pablo Picasso. After meeting Picasso, she helped him set up his studio at 7 Rue des Grands-Augustins, where in 1937 he painted ''Guernica,'' a process she recorded in photographs. The two became lovers and over a nine year tumultuous relationship she was the model and muse for some of his most iconic paintings including Weeping Woman, Woman Combing her Hair and Woman Reclining with Book. In 1937, Marr had her first photograph exhibition at the Galerie de Beaune in Paris and although she showed her painting and photography sporadically in her early career, after she began her relationship with Picasso and its subsequent ending, Marr became reclusive and did not publicly exhibit her work until the late 1950s. Until her death in 1977, Maar revisited many of her early photographs augmenting them and maintained a dedication to surrealism throughout her life.

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