Felix Teynard 1817-1892


Teynard was based in Grenoble and trained as a civil engineer. He travelled to Egypt in 1851-52 in order to update the standard reference on Egypt's archaeology, Description d'Egypte. Before travelling there he wrote to the Academie des sciences of his project but received no reply. There were already many innovations appearing in the field including the work of archaeologist Emmanuel de Rouge and Auguste Mariette as well as the return of Maxime du Camp with his many views of the region. Teynard was the second after Maxime du Camp to bring back at least 160 negatives. He used the waxed paper negative process of Le Gray and his negatives were a larger format than those of du Camp and his subjects more varied as demonstrated by beautiful landscapes as well as architectural views. Teynard's survey was published from 1853-58 as Egypte et Nubie, sites et monuments les plus interessantes pour l'etude de l'art et de l'histoire. Virtually every photograph by Teynard is fixed to a mount and credited as being printed by H de. Fonteny. This appeared in the form of thirty-two editions with five prints each. From 1853 onwards his prints were highly regarded by archaeologists and Egyptologists but very little in artistic circles. He exhibited at the Exposition Universelle of 1855, photographs which were united in a splendid album published by Goupil in 1858. Despite his publications, the work never received as much success as that of du Camp and he was only able to complete eleven albums. He was solicited to become a founding member of the SFP in 1855 but he did not follow up the proposition and abandoned photography. He re-appears on the scene in 1863 for several scientific awards.